In Aceh, they are known as qanun (from an Arabic word meaning "law" or "rules") while Papua uses the name "special regional regulation" (Indonesian: peraturan daerah khusus or perdasus).
The province of Aceh passed a series of qanuns enforcing some provisions of Islamic law, including Islamic criminal law.
Regency and City regulations occupy the lowest position, right beneath provincial regulations.
The provinces of Aceh and Papua refer to their regional regulations with special names.
Wardani was speaking to journalists after a hearing at a special syariah court in Banda Aceh.
The hearing was closed to the public and the men’s identities were not revealed due to the sensitivity of the case.
In rural native society, certain positions, such as dukun beranak (traditional midwife), traditional healer, to ritualist and shaman are often held by women.
Historically the highest concentration areas have been Papua, Jakarta, East Java, West Java, Bali and Riau.
The island of Java, which includes the capital Jakarta, is now home to the highest concentration of HIV cases in Indonesia.
The father of one of the defendants, who requested anonymity, said he did not know his son was gay before he was caught. “After this problem is resolved, we will send him to an Islamic boarding school to be educated so that he won’t be deviant any more.” A sentence recommendation is a usual step in an Indonesian court case and is typically followed soon afterwards by a verdict.
Judges do not have to follow the recommendation, but they often do.